“I enter a building, see a room, and — in the fraction of a second — have this feeling about it.”
Peter Zumthor, Atmospheres
In Peter Zumthor’s book ‘Atmospheres’, he describes the way in which our cultural and emotional responses are affected by space. Our minds absorb our surroundings. Our senses — touch, taste, smell, sight — generate and reveal memories which ground us in a space. It moves us and causes a response. Be it strong or weak, happy or sad, we have an emotional relationship with space. This is what I refer to as spatial mood.
This subject has been discussed many times and from many different standpoints; from architects such as Peter Zumthor to writers like John Berger and typographers like Sarah Hyndman. It is well known that materiality and volume generate a mood as well as visual language. A mood isn’t static; it is malleable. Similar to the way in which our minds connect to memories, spatial moods are affected by habitation. The marks that life leaves give a space weight and reason, and typography can also influence this.
In Sarah Hyndman’s TEDx talk, “Wake up and smell the fonts”, she discusses the way in which sweet wrappers visually describe the experience she will encounter when she starts eating. We’ve all had similar experiences as a child in sweetshops or newsagents. Shops which could be classed as mundane are transformed by the joy and excitement of the wrappers’ typography. This effect can be both a blessing and a curse.
Space can also affect typography. Sci-fi has some fantastic examples of this. One of the most famous is the dense, compact, grotty space of the market scene in ‘Blade Runner’. The neon signs are bright and engaging, but the space that surrounds them lends them a seedy tone. ‘Lost in Translation’ is another great example of how space and typography can juxtapose to emphasise a mood. ‘Lost in Translation’ uses spatial techniques to express the story of two people lost in an unknown city. As an example of this there is a particular scene where Charlotte (played by Scarlett Johansson) is see sitting on a windowsill of a dark room gazing down at a city scale so dense of tower blocks it’s almost impossible to pick out the roads. Bright advertising boards expressing the fast pace “buy it now culture”. The dark and airy space Charlotte takes up feels alien from the rush of the city below giving a sense of confusion and loss.
Time also can transform typography’s relationship with space. This means that the relationship isn’t static, that it has a life. As in architecture, graphic design and typography should focus on longevity rather than pop culture. More and more we see throwaway design, both in graphics and architecture. In her TEDx talk, Sarah Hyndman said:
“Fonts turn words into stories”
Sarah Hyndman TEDx Wake up & smell the fonts 2014
I would expand on this by adding that “stories live as spatial mood”. We don’t live in a two-dimensional world. Space has a relationship with our visual language and affects it. The more we explore this relationship, the stronger our visual language will be, the more we have to be careful with our designs.